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The first rays of daylight were yet to fall on earth when a group of seven women set out from their homes. Leaving dimly-lit streets and coconut groves, they headed towards their embarking point: The seashore. At a far end of the shore, some fishermen had made a small wood fire to escape the morning chill. Warming their hands near the fire, the women slowly waded through knee-depth water and climbed on a boat that was waiting exclusively for them. The first woman to climb on the boat carefully moved towards the bow. With a long wooden pole, she kept the boat steady against the dancing waves. Once all the crew settled inside, the lone male member in the group started the engine. Against the backdrop of orange-red flames of the shore fire, the boat’s engine growled to life, giving out dark fumes. Keeping the handful of fishermen on the shore as witnesses, the boat started cruising on the Gulf of Mannar.

gulf of mannar sea women boat india

A shallow bay and protected area, the Gulf of Mannar forms a small portion of the vast Indian Ocean. It lies between the southeastern tip of India and the western coast of Sri Lanka. Owing to its rich aquatic life, the gulf is a livelihood provider to thousands of people living on its shores. Keelakkarai is one such place where the destiny of many humans is closely knitted with the mood swings of the sea. Located in Ramanathapuram district, this village often faces the wrath of nature, usually in the form of severe cyclonic storms. The 2005-Indian Ocean tsunami wreaked havoc in the region and it is still afresh in the memories of most of the residents here. Unlike women in most other fishing hamlets, women here have found a way to earn a livelihood: Sea faring, a profession often reserved for men.

gulf of mannar boat sea women seaweed
gulf of mannar sea women boat seaweed
gulf of mannar india seaweed
gulf of mannar sea boat seaweed
gulf of mannar seaweed
gulf of mannar seaweed

Their working field is the seabed where bleached corals harbour a particular aquatic plant called seaweed. Found in different colours and shapes, seaweeds are a much sought-after commodity by industries, especially the cosmetics and food sectors. Prices of each variety change according to season and usage. Decades of sea-going experience have taught these women where to locate a particular kind of weed. Since the weeds exhibit a variety of colours, the shallow sea will also showcase different hues according to the shade of seaweeds that grow under it. Once a particular spot was located, the women prepared to dive after anchoring the boat. With their basic swimming gear – a face-covering glass to protect eyes from salt water, a pair of gloves to pluck the sharp-edged seaweeds, a pair of rubber sandals, and a net to bag their catch – the crew dived to the seabed one after another. For the next three to four hours the women dived several times and returned with their net full of seaweeds. The exercise continued till midday when the waves started glittering under the scorching sun. With the Sun above their heads, the crew decided to return to shore. The boat took a turn and started its homeward cruise. It was lunchtime, and time for some chit-chat. Each crew member took out the homemade food they had brought and shared it with each other. The struggle of the last three-four hours gave way to moments of relief.

gulf of mannar seaweed waves
gulf of mannar
gulf of mannar
seaweed gulf of mannar
gulf of mannar seaweed

Photographed off the coast of Keelakkarai, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu

Published in 2018

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